Godavari River

  • Godavari River is the largest peninsular river system in India.
  • It is held in reverence as ‘Vridha Ganga’ or ‘Dakshina Ganga’.
  • The river originates from Trimbakeshwar near Nasik in Maharashtra.
  • It is one of the East Flowing Rivers in the country.
  • It has a catchment area of 312,812 sq km which covers about 10% of the area of India.
  • It flows in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Karnataka.
  • Manjra is the only important right bank tributary which joins the Godavari near Kondalwadi.
  • Below Rajahmundry, the river Godavari divides itself into two main streams:
    • The Gautami Godavari on the east and
    • The Vashishta Godavari on the west.
  • It forms a large delta before it pours into the Bay of Bengal.
  • The major bathing festival called Pushkaram (Kumbh Mela) is celebrated on the banks of the Godavari.
  • Polavaram Project is located in Andhra Pradesh on the river Godavari, near Polavaram village.

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Ponnaiyar River

Ponnaiyar River is the South Pennar River that originates in the Nandi Hills in the Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka.

It is also known as Dakshina Pinakini in Kannada and Thenpennai in Tamil.

It is one of the east-flowing peninsular rivers in India, like Godavari and Krishna.

Cauvery River

Cauvery River (Kaveri) originates at Talakaveri on the Brahmagiri range near Cherangala village of Kodagu (Coorg) district of Karnataka in the Western Ghats.

It is designated as “the Ganga of the South” or ‘Dakshina Ganga’.

It is one of the east-flowing peninsular rivers, like Godavari and Krishna.

Brahmani River

Brahmani River comes into existence by the confluence of the Koel and the Sankh rivers near Rourkela in Odisha.

The basin is bounded in the North by the Chhotanagpur plateau, in the West and South by the Mahanadi basin and in the East by the Bay of Bengal.