- Haemophilia is a genetic disease i.e. it can be caused by parents to a child.
- Usually, this disease is more common in males.
- Chromosomes are the carriers of this disease.
- As a result, blood does not clot due to which bleeding occurs.
- Patients suffering from Haemophilia disease lack a protein in the blood, which is also called a clotting factor.
- This protein works with the platelets to stop bleeding at the site of an injury.
- That is after an injury a person bleeds for a longer time and also they are more susceptible to internal bleeding.
- If bleeding is high then it can be deadly.
What are the forms of Haemophilia?
- Haemophilia has three forms namely Haemophilia A, B, and C. Out of these, Hemophilia A is the most common.
- Haemophilia A patient is treated by prescribing a hormone desmopressin.
- Haemophilia B patient is treated by infusing the patient’s blood with the clotting factors of a donor.
- Haemophilia C patient is treated by plasma infusion which ceases profuse bleeding.
- 17 April 2023
- World Haemophilia Day is observed on 17 April every year to increase awareness about haemophilia disease and other inherited bleeding disorders.