Indian Naval Ensign
- The Indian Naval Ensign is the flag or standard of the Indian Navy.
- It is also referred to as the Indian White Ensign or Nishaan.
- It is used by Indian naval vessels, shore establishments and naval air stations as its principal form of maritime identification.
- After Independence, on August 15, 1947, the Indian defence forces continued with the British colonial flags and badges.
- It was only on Jan 26, 1950, that a changeover to Indianised pattern was made.
- However, in the Navy’s flag Union Jack was replaced with the Tricolour, and the George’s Cross was retained.
- In 2014, the words ‘Satyamev Jayate’ were included on the flag below the Ashoka emblem in the Devanagri script.
- In a bid to do away with the “colonial past”, the Saint George’s Cross has been removed from the Indian Navy’s new flag.
Current Design of Indian Naval Ensign
- The new naval ensign will replace the ensign that carries the Saint George’s Cross with the Tricolour in the canton (top left corner of the flag).
- The national emblem is encompassed by an octagonal shield and sits atop an anchor.
- The anchor symbol represents “steadfastness.”
- Beneath it is the Navy’s motto ‘Sam No Varunah’ – a Vedic mantra invoking the god of seas to be auspicious.
- The golden border surrounding the national emblem draws inspiration from the seal of Indian emperor Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
- His vision to establish a swarajya extended beyond the land borders of his empire and dominated the seas through his forts such as the Sindhudurg, Janjira and others.
- The octagonal shape of the national emblem has been designed to represent eight directions, symbolising the multi-directional reach and multi-dimensional operational capability of the Indian Navy.
- Ships, Formations, and Establishments of the Indian Navy would be adopting the new Naval ensign.
- 02 September 2022: Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled a new ensign (nishaan) for the Indian Navy during the event to mark the commissioning of INS Vikrant in Kochi.