Indus River

  • Indus River, also known as Sindhu, is a great trans-Himalayan river of South Asia.
  • Along with its tributaries, it forms one of the largest drainage systems in the world.
  • It is known as Singi Khamban Tibet.
  • Indus originates from the northern slope of the Kailash range (Tibet) enters India and continues to flow in the northwest direction between the Ladakh and the Zaskar ranges.
  • The Shyok and Gilgit are their important right bank tributaries and the Zaskar is the left bank tributary.
  • Indus River ends its mountainous journey at Attock and is joined by the Kabul River from Afghanistan.
  • Just above Mithankot, it receives accumulated water from five rivers (Panj-nad) Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutluj.
  • Finally, it empties itself in the Arabian Sea near Karachi, making a big delta.
  • It has a length of 2900 km from its source to the Arabian Sea.

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Brahmaputra River

Brahmaputra River rises in the great chemayungdung glacier in the Kailas range of the Himalayas.

It flows eastward from its source region.

Mariam La separates the source of the Brahmaputra from the Manasarovar Lake.

Satluj River

Satluj River rises from the Mansarovar – Rakas Lake near Darma Pass in western Tibet, where it is also known as Langcher Khambab.

In Nari Khorasan province of Tibet, it has created an extraordinary canyon.

Inland Drainage

Inland Drainage is a river or stream that does not reach up to the sea and constitutes inland drainage.

These rivers are mostly present in the drier regions of the country like Western Rajasthan, Ladakh and Aksai Chin etc.


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