INS Vikrant

INS Vikrant for UPSC
  • INS Vikrant is India’s first indigenously designed and built aircraft carrier.
  • It is also known as Indigenous Aircraft Carrier One (IAC-1).
  • It is being constructed by Cochin Shipyard, Kerala for the Indian Navy.
  • It has an overall indigenous content of 76%.
  • The motto of INS Vikrant is “Jayema Sam Yudhi Sprdhah”, meaning “I defeat those who fight against me”, taken from It was taken from Rig Veda.
  • It works on the Short Take-Off But Arrested Recovery Mechanism (STOBAR).
    • This mechanism is very much similar to the mechanism in the present carrier INS Vikramaditya.
  • It will be carrying:
    • the Russian-made MiG-29K fighter jet,
    • Kamov-31 early warning helicopters,
    • the indigenously manufactured Advanced Light Helicopters and
    • the MH-60R multirole helicopter was made by the American defence major Lockheed Martin.


  • It will mark a “historical milestone of realisation of Nation’s commitment towards AatmaNirbharta” (self-reliance).
  • The project represents Indian unity as the aircraft carrier has been manufactured in 18 states and union territories.
  • This is the first time in the country that a ship of the size of an aircraft carrier is completely modelled in 3D and production drawings extracted from the 3D model.
  • With the construction of ‘Vikrant’, India joins a select group of countries such as the US, UK, Russia, China and France that have the unparalleled capability to design and manufacture aircraft carriers indigenously.


  • INS Vikrant was India’s first aircraft carrier, which it acquired from the United Kingdom in 1961.
  • It played a key role in the 1971 war with Pakistan which led to the creation of Bangladesh.
  • It was decommissioned in 1997.
  • Now, India’s first homemade aircraft carrier will carry the name of her illustrious predecessor.


  • This warship is 262 meters in length, exceeding that of two football fields, 62 meters wide and its height is 59 meters.
  • Its construction started in 2009.
  • INS Vikrant has over 2,200 coaches, designed for a crew of about 1,600 people, including special cabins to accommodate women officers.
  • Vikrant has a cruising speed of 18 knots, a top speed of about 28 knots (more than 50 kmph) and an endurance of about 7,500 knots.
  • INS Vikrant is powered by 4 General Electric gas turbines.
  • The project cost of INS Vikrant escalated to 3.5 billion USD in 2014. In 2019 an additional 420 million USD was authorised for phase 3 of the project.

Other aircraft carriers

  • The Indian Navy has only one operational aircraft carrier at present – the INS Vikramaditya.
  • The country’s two earlier carriers, INS Vikrant and INS Viraat, were originally the British-built HMS Hercules and HMS Hermes before being commissioned into the Navy in 1961 and 1987 respectively.

Latest News

  • 02 September 2022: Prime Minister Narendra Modi commissioned India’s first indigenously designed and built aircraft carrier INS Vikrant.


  1. All India Radio
  2. Naval News

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