- INS Vikrant is India’s first indigenously designed and built aircraft carrier.
- It is also known as Indigenous Aircraft Carrier One (IAC-1).
- It is being constructed by Cochin Shipyard, Kerala for the Indian Navy.
- It has an overall indigenous content of 76%.
- The motto of INS Vikrant is “Jayema Sam Yudhi Sprdhah”, meaning “I defeat those who fight against me”, taken from It was taken from Rig Veda.
- It works on the Short Take-Off But Arrested Recovery Mechanism (STOBAR).
- This mechanism is very much similar to the mechanism in the present carrier INS Vikramaditya.
- It will be carrying:
- the Russian-made MiG-29K fighter jet,
- Kamov-31 early warning helicopters,
- the indigenously manufactured Advanced Light Helicopters and
- the MH-60R multirole helicopter was made by the American defence major Lockheed Martin.
- It will mark a “historical milestone of realisation of Nation’s commitment towards AatmaNirbharta” (self-reliance).
- The project represents Indian unity as the aircraft carrier has been manufactured in 18 states and union territories.
- This is the first time in the country that a ship of the size of an aircraft carrier is completely modelled in 3D and production drawings extracted from the 3D model.
- With the construction of ‘Vikrant’, India joins a select group of countries such as the US, UK, Russia, China and France that have the unparalleled capability to design and manufacture aircraft carriers indigenously.
- INS Vikrant was India’s first aircraft carrier, which it acquired from the United Kingdom in 1961.
- It played a key role in the 1971 war with Pakistan which led to the creation of Bangladesh.
- It was decommissioned in 1997.
- Now, India’s first homemade aircraft carrier will carry the name of her illustrious predecessor.
- This warship is 262 meters in length, exceeding that of two football fields, 62 meters wide and its height is 59 meters.
- Its construction started in 2009.
- INS Vikrant has over 2,200 coaches, designed for a crew of about 1,600 people, including special cabins to accommodate women officers.
- Vikrant has a cruising speed of 18 knots, a top speed of about 28 knots (more than 50 kmph) and an endurance of about 7,500 knots.
- INS Vikrant is powered by 4 General Electric gas turbines.
- The project cost of INS Vikrant escalated to 3.5 billion USD in 2014. In 2019 an additional 420 million USD was authorised for phase 3 of the project.
Other aircraft carriers
- The Indian Navy has only one operational aircraft carrier at present – the INS Vikramaditya.
- The country’s two earlier carriers, INS Vikrant and INS Viraat, were originally the British-built HMS Hercules and HMS Hermes before being commissioned into the Navy in 1961 and 1987 respectively.
- 02 September 2022: Prime Minister Narendra Modi commissioned India’s first indigenously designed and built aircraft carrier INS Vikrant.