Kudremukh National Park

Kudremukh National Park for UPSC IAS
  • Kudremukh National Park is located in the Chikkamagaluru and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka.
  • It stretches from the Narasimha Parvat in the north to the Jamalabad Fort in the south.
  • It is the second-largest wildlife-protected area in the Western Ghats.
  • It was established as a Reserved Forest in the year 1916.
  • In 1987 it was declared a National Park.
  • The Tunga, the Bhadra and the Nethravathi rivers originate from this national park.
  • The famous Kadambi waterfalls are also located in the Kudremukh National Park.
  • It has the single largest contiguous population of Lion Tailed Macaque (LTM) in the world, tropical wet evergreen forests, top three carnivores (Tiger, Leopard, and wild dogs)
  • Vegetation: Dense forest cover primarily consists of semi-evergreen and evergreen trees.
  • Flora:
    • Rare flora on the edge of extinction, such as the Nilambur Cobra Lily and the South Indian Jewel Orchid, can be found here.
    • In addition, there are many trees, including eucalyptus, acacia, silk oaks, casuarinas, and others.
  • Fauna:
    • It houses a variety of wildlife such as the leopard, Malabar giant squirrel, sloth bear, gaur, sambar, jackal, mongoose, tiger, wild dog, common langur etc.
    • It is home to a variety of birds, such as the Malabar trogon, Malabar whistling thrush, and the imperial pigeon.

Latest news about Kudremukh National Park

  • 20 April 2023:
    • Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Limited (KIOCL) recently sought post-facto approval for submerging 700 acres of forest in the Kudremukh Range at the heart of Western Ghats about 20 years ago.


  1. Deccan Herald

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