Luni River

  • Luni River also known as the Salt River (Lonari or Lavanavari in Sanskrit) is named so because its water is brackish below Balotra.
  • Its source lies to the west of Ajmer in the Aravalli range, Rajasthan.
  • It is the only river basin of any significance in Western Rajasthan, which forms the bulk of the arid zone.
  • The river is known as the Sagarmati in its upper course and from Govindgarh, where Sarsuti joins it, becomes Luni.
  • It is one of the west-flowing rivers of India, like Narmada and Tapti.
  • It finally flows into the Rann of Kachchh and it gets lost in the marsh.
  • The peculiarity of this river is that it tends to increase its width rather than deepen the bed because the banks are of soils, which are easily erodible whereas beds are of sand.
  • The floods develop and disappear so rapidly that they have no time to scour the bed.

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Sabarmati River

Sabarmati River is the name given to the combined streams the Sabar and the Hathmati.

It rises from the hills of Mewar in the Aravalli Range in the Udaipur district of Rajasthan.

The basin extends over the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Narmada River

Narmada River is the largest of all the west-flowing rivers of Peninsular India.

It rises from the Maikala range near the Amarkantak plateau in the Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh.

It flows through a rift valley between the Vindhyan Range on the north and the Satpura Range on the south.

Inland Drainage

Inland Drainage is a river or stream that does not reach up to the sea and constitutes inland drainage.

These rivers are mostly present in the drier regions of the country like Western Rajasthan, Ladakh and Aksai Chin etc.

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