Mahi River

  • Mahi River rises in the Vindhyan range in the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh.
  • The total length of Mahi is 583 km.
  • Mahi is one of the major interstate west-flowing rivers of India, like Narmada and Tapti.
  • The Mahi basin extends over the states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Gujarat.
  • Vadodara is the only important urban centre in the basin.
  • Mahi River cuts the tropic of cancer twice.
  • It drains into the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Khambhat.
  • It drains an area of 34,862 sq km.
  • It is bounded by
    • Aravalli hills on the north and the north-west,
    • Malwa Plateau on the east,
    • The Vindhyas on the south, and
    • The Gulf of Khambhat on the west.
  • The main tributaries are Som, Anas and Panam.
  • Hydro Power stations are Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam, Kadana Dam, and Wanakbori Dam (Weir).

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Narmada River

Narmada River is the largest of all the west-flowing rivers of Peninsular India.

It rises from the Maikala range near the Amarkantak plateau in the Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh.

It flows through a rift valley between the Vindhyan Range on the north and the Satpura Range on the south.

Sabarmati River

Sabarmati River is the name given to the combined streams the Sabar and the Hathmati.

It rises from the hills of Mewar in the Aravalli Range in the Udaipur district of Rajasthan.

The basin extends over the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Tapti River

Tapti River (or Tapi) is the second largest west flowing river of the Indian peninsula.

It originates from the Multai reserve forest in the Betul district of Madhya Pradesh.

It is also known as ‘the twin’ or ‘the handmaid’ of the Narmada.

Ponnaiyar River

Ponnaiyar River is the South Pennar River that originates in the Nandi Hills in the Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka.

It is also known as Dakshina Pinakini in Kannada and Thenpennai in Tamil.

It is one of the east-flowing peninsular rivers in India, like Godavari and Krishna.