Mangrove Pitta

Mangrove Pitta for UPSC IAS
  • Mangrove Pitta is a species of passerine bird in the Pittidae family.
  • It is native to Southeast Asia and South Asia.
  • Its Scientific Name is Pitta Megarhyncha.
  • This bird usually feeds on insects and other small invertebrates.
  • Distribution:
    • Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand (primarily the west coast of the southern Thai peninsula).
    • In India, It is found in the eastern part, especially in Odisha and West Bengal.
  • Habitat:
    • It is found in mangrove and nipa palm forests where it feeds on crustaceans, molluscs and insects.
    • This bird usually feeds on insects and other small invertebrates.
  • Features:
    • It is a small secretive bird, measuring 17 to 19 cm in length and weighing 45 to 65 grams.
    • It is a colourful bird which has a black head with a brown crown, white throat, greenish upper parts, buff under-parts and reddish vent area.
  • Conservation Status:
    • IUCN Red List: Near Threatened.

Mangrove Pitta bird census

  • The country’s first mangrove pitta bird census was undertaken in Bhitarkanika, Odisha.
  • The objective of the census is to record the growth pattern of these birds.
  • These birds are yet to be conferred the endangered category.
  • Key Highlights:
    • These birds are a nearly threatened species found in a few pockets of eastern India, including Bhitarkanika in Odisha and the Sundarbans in West Bengal.
    • The census was carried out by point count method, either by walking in the forest or using country boats in the creeks.
    • A total of 179 individual mangrove pitta birds were counted.
    • The highest concentration of the birds has been found in the mangroves near the Mahipura river mouth inside the Bhitarkanika National Park,” the DFO said.

Latest News


  1. The Hindu

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