Narmada River

  • Narmada River is the largest of all the west-flowing rivers of Peninsular India.
  • It rises from the Maikala range near the Amarkantak plateau in the Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh.
  • It flows through a rift valley between the Vindhyan Range on the north and the Satpura Range on the south.
  • Narmada basin extends over the states of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Chhattisgarh.
  • The Dhuandhar (Clouds of Mist) Falls are formed by the Narmada River in Jabalpur.
  • There are several islands in the estuary of the Narmada of which Aliabet is the largest.
  • Its total length from its source in Amarkantak to its estuary in the Gulf of Khambhat is 1,310 km.
  • The major Hydro Power projects in the basin are Indira Sagar, Sardar Sarovar, Omkareshwar, Bargi & Maheshwar.

Tributaries of Narmada River

  • Right bank tributaries are the Barna, Hiran River, Tendoni River, Choral River, Kolar River, Man River, Uri River, Hatni River, Orsang River
  • Left bank tributaries are the Burhner River, Banjar River, Sher River, Shakkar River, Dudhi River, Tawa River, Ganjal River, Chhota Tawa River, Kaveri River, Kundi River, Goi River, Karjan River.

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It originates from the Multai reserve forest in the Betul district of Madhya Pradesh.

It is also known as ‘the twin’ or ‘the handmaid’ of the Narmada.

Sabarmati River

Sabarmati River is the name given to the combined streams the Sabar and the Hathmati.

It rises from the hills of Mewar in the Aravalli Range in the Udaipur district of Rajasthan.

The basin extends over the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Vaigai River

Vaigai River is the longest stream south of the Cauvery Delta.

It entirely lies in the state of Tamil Nadu.

It originates in Varusanadu Hills, the Periyar Plateau of the Western Ghats range.

Godavari River

Godavari River is the largest peninsular river system in India.

It is held in reverence as ‘Vridha Ganga’ or ‘Dakshina Ganga’.

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