United Nations Economic and Social Council

  • The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
  • It is responsible for coordinating the economic, social and related work of the United Nations and the specialized agencies and institutions.

Members and Voting of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

  • The ECOSOC has 54 members.
  • The members are elected by the General Assembly for a three-year term and Seats in the council are allocated based on geographical representation.
  • The president is elected for a one-year term.
  • The voting in the Council is by simple majority.
  • Each member has one vote.

Meetings and Discussions of ECOSOC

  • It holds one four-week session each year in July.
  • Since 1998, it has also held a meeting in April with finance ministers heading key committees of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  • The ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues, and for formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and the United Nations system.
  • A number of non-governmental organizations have been granted consultative status to the Council to participate in the work of the United Nations.

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United Nations

The United Nations is the world’s largest international organization founded in 1945 after World War II.

Its charter was signed in San Francisco on June 26, 1945, and came into existence on October 24, 1945, after 51 countries has signed the charter.

Its predecessor, the League of Nations, created by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 was disbanded in 1946.