Vaigai River

  • Vaigai River is the longest stream south of the Cauvery Delta.
  • It entirely lies in the state of Tamil Nadu.
  • It originates in Varusanadu Hills, the Periyar Plateau of the Western Ghats range.
    • It flows northeast through the Kambam Valley, which lies between the Palani Hills to the north and the Varushanad Hills to the south.
  • It is one of the east-flowing peninsular rivers in India, like Godavari and Krishna.
  • The Vattaparai Falls are located on this river.
  • The river empties into the Palk Strait near Uchipuli, close to the Pamban bridge in Ramanathapuram District.
  • Its main tributaries are Suruliyaru, Mullaiyaru, Varahanadhi, Manjalaru, Kottagudi, Kridhumaal and Upparu.
    • The Vaigai also receives another minor tributary namely, the Varahanadhi (Varaha River) on its left bank below the Vaigai dam.
  • The Vaigai was the river that flowed through the Madurai, in Tamil Nadu.
  • The river finds a mention in Sangam literature dated to 300 B.C.E.

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Cauvery River

Cauvery River (Kaveri) originates at Talakaveri on the Brahmagiri range near Cherangala village of Kodagu (Coorg) district of Karnataka in the Western Ghats.

It is designated as “the Ganga of the South” or ‘Dakshina Ganga’.

It is one of the east-flowing peninsular rivers, like Godavari and Krishna.

Ponnaiyar River

Ponnaiyar River is the South Pennar River that originates in the Nandi Hills in the Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka.

It is also known as Dakshina Pinakini in Kannada and Thenpennai in Tamil.

It is one of the east-flowing peninsular rivers in India, like Godavari and Krishna.

Godavari River

Godavari River is the largest peninsular river system in India.

It is held in reverence as ‘Vridha Ganga’ or ‘Dakshina Ganga’.

The river originates from Trimbakeshwar near Nasik in Maharashtra.

Narmada River

Narmada River is the largest of all the west-flowing rivers of Peninsular India.

It rises from the Maikala range near the Amarkantak plateau in the Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh.

It flows through a rift valley between the Vindhyan Range on the north and the Satpura Range on the south.