Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant in ukraine map for upsc
  • Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant is the largest nuclear power plant in Europe and also among the 10 largest in the world.
  • It is located in southeastern Ukraine in Zaporizhzhia city.
  • It was built by the Soviet Union near the city of Enerhodar, on the southern shore of the Kakhovka Reservoir on the Dnieper river.
  • It is operated by Energoatom, which also operates Ukraine’s other three nuclear power stations.

Significance of Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

  • Ukraine has four nuclear power stations comprising 15 reactors.
  • The plant at Zaporizhzhia has six reactors, which can together produce about 5,700 MW of electricity.
  • Nuclear energy caters to about half of Ukraine’s power demand.

Safety of reactors

  • Modern nuclear reactors are built to withstand considerable shock and impact.
  • They have several layers of reinforced steel and concrete, and also elaborate fire security systems.
  • Most of these reactors can survive earthquakes of magnitude 8 or higher.
  • They are also designed to shut down automatically when they sense major natural hazards.

Latest News

  • The global attention on the war in Ukraine has remained nervously focused on Zaporizhzhia, an important town in the country’s southeast that houses the largest nuclear power plant in Europe.
  • A team of officials from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) arrived in Ukraine to assess the condition of the plant.


  1. Indian Express

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