Ganga River

  • Ganga River originates as Bhagirathi from the Gangotri glacier, Uttarakhand, India.
  • Alaknanda joins it at Devaprayag.
  • Pindar River joins it at Karan Prayag and Mandakini or Kali Ganga at Rudra Prayag.
  • The combined waters of the Bhagirathi and the Alaknanda flow in the name of the Ganga, below Devprayag.
  • It debouches on the plain from hills in Haridwar.
  • It is joined by Yamuna in Allahabad.
  • Beyond Farakka, it is known as Padma in Bangladesh.
  • It bifurcates itself into Bhagirathi-Hooghly in West Bengal and Padma-Meghna in Bangladesh.
  • The delta formed by the Ganga-Brahmaputra is the largest delta in the world covering an area of 58,752 sq km.
    • Sundarbans is a part of the world’s largest delta.
  • The total length, 2525 km, is distributed among states:
    • Uttar Pradesh – 1140,
    • West Bengal – 520 km,
    • Bihar – 445 km,
    • Uttrakhand – 310 km.

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Brahmaputra River

Brahmaputra River rises in the great chemayungdung glacier in the Kailas range of the Himalayas.

It flows eastward from its source region.

Mariam La separates the source of the Brahmaputra from the Manasarovar Lake.

Narmada River

Narmada River is the largest of all the west-flowing rivers of Peninsular India.

It rises from the Maikala range near the Amarkantak plateau in the Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh.

It flows through a rift valley between the Vindhyan Range on the north and the Satpura Range on the south.

Ponnaiyar River

Ponnaiyar River is the South Pennar River that originates in the Nandi Hills in the Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka.

It is also known as Dakshina Pinakini in Kannada and Thenpennai in Tamil.

It is one of the east-flowing peninsular rivers in India, like Godavari and Krishna.

Yamuna River

Yamuna River is the largest and the most important tributary of the Ganga.

It originates from the Yamunotri glacier on the Bandarpunch Peak in Garhwal in Uttarakhand.

It enters the plains near Tajewala.


Agra is a city in the Northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located on the banks of the Yamuna river. It is home to the iconic Taj Mahal.…