Mahanadi River

  • Mahanadi River has its source in Dandakaranya near Sihawa in the Raipur district of Chhattisgarh.
  • Its upper course lies in the saucer-shaped basin called the ‘Chhattisgarh Plains’.
  • It is one of the East Flowing Rivers in the country.
  • It is the third largest river in peninsular India after Godavari and Krishna.
  • It is the largest river in Odisha state.
  • The Seonath, the Hasdeo, the Mand and the Ib join Mahanadi from the left whereas the Ong, the Tel and the Jonk join it from the right.
  • Hirakud Dam is built on this river.
    • Ravishankar Sagar, Dudhawa Reservoir, Sondur Reservoir, Hasdeo Bango and Tandula are other major projects.

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Brahmani River

Brahmani River comes into existence by the confluence of the Koel and the Sankh rivers near Rourkela in Odisha.

The basin is bounded in the North by the Chhotanagpur plateau, in the West and South by the Mahanadi basin and in the East by the Bay of Bengal.

Ponnaiyar River

Ponnaiyar River is the South Pennar River that originates in the Nandi Hills in the Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka.

It is also known as Dakshina Pinakini in Kannada and Thenpennai in Tamil.

It is one of the east-flowing peninsular rivers in India, like Godavari and Krishna.

Godavari River

Godavari River is the largest peninsular river system in India.

It is held in reverence as ‘Vridha Ganga’ or ‘Dakshina Ganga’.

The river originates from Trimbakeshwar near Nasik in Maharashtra.

Penna River

Penna River springs from the Nandi Durg peak in Karnataka.

It is also known as Uttara Pinakini or Northern pennar.

It is known by different names like pennar, penneru, and penner in different places.

Vaigai River

Vaigai River is the longest stream south of the Cauvery Delta.

It entirely lies in the state of Tamil Nadu.

It originates in Varusanadu Hills, the Periyar Plateau of the Western Ghats range.