Sabarmati River

  • Sabarmati River is the name given to the combined streams the Sabar and the Hathmati.
  • It rises from the hills of Mewar in the Aravalli Range in the Udaipur district of Rajasthan.
  • The basin extends over the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat.
  • The basin is bounded by
    • Aravalli hills on the north and northeast,
    • Rann of Kutch on the west, and
    • Gulf of Khambhat on the south.
  • The basin is roughly triangular in shape with the Sabarmati River as the base and the source of the Vatrak River as the apex point.
  • It is one of the west-flowing rivers in peninsular India, like Narmada and Tapti.
  • The total length of the river from origin to outfall into the Arabian Sea is 371 km.
  • Left bank tributaries: the Wakal, the Hathmati, and the Vatrak.
  • Right bank tributaries: the Sei.
  • Sabarmati Reservoir (Dharoi), Hathmati Reservoir, and Meshwo Reservoir are major projects completed during the plan period.

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Narmada River

Narmada River is the largest of all the west-flowing rivers of Peninsular India.

It rises from the Maikala range near the Amarkantak plateau in the Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh.

It flows through a rift valley between the Vindhyan Range on the north and the Satpura Range on the south.

Tapti River

Tapti River (or Tapi) is the second largest west flowing river of the Indian peninsula.

It originates from the Multai reserve forest in the Betul district of Madhya Pradesh.

It is also known as ‘the twin’ or ‘the handmaid’ of the Narmada.

Luni River

Luni River also known as the Salt River (Lonari or Lavanavari in Sanskrit) is named so because its water is brackish below Balotra.

Its source lies to the west of Ajmer in the Aravalli range, Rajasthan.

It is the only river basin of any significance in Western Rajasthan, which forms the bulk of the arid zone.

Cauvery River

Cauvery River (Kaveri) originates at Talakaveri on the Brahmagiri range near Cherangala village of Kodagu (Coorg) district of Karnataka in the Western Ghats.

It is designated as “the Ganga of the South” or ‘Dakshina Ganga’.

It is one of the east-flowing peninsular rivers, like Godavari and Krishna.

Ponnaiyar River

Ponnaiyar River is the South Pennar River that originates in the Nandi Hills in the Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka.

It is also known as Dakshina Pinakini in Kannada and Thenpennai in Tamil.

It is one of the east-flowing peninsular rivers in India, like Godavari and Krishna.